Texas and Nevada Serial Embezzler

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Dentists should be on the lookout for a serial embezzler named Nancy PRUETT (has also gone by Nancy Richey and Nancy Castillo).  Her date of birth is reported to be 5/12/1967.

It looks like Nancy has been convicted of several embezzlements, and as of the date of writing (June 2020) she is serving a prison sentence in Texas with an expected release date of January 2022.

We have received reports from several other doctors claiming that she stole from them as well.

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Here are a couple of pictures of our fired Nancy, and a copy of her extensive Texas criminal convictions is below.  Reportedly she uses online dental job boards to find jobs in dental offices, and has been reported to be ignoring parole conditions that were intended to keep her from working in dental practices.


This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is Nancy-Ann-Pruett-2.jpg

PRUETT,NANCY (SID: 08960788)

• PRUETT,NANCY (Primary)
BIRTH DATE(S) • 5/12/1967 (Primary)

159491101010-3Complete(C) PRUETT-BRANDRETH, NANCY ANN 6/18/2018 | 6/27/2018 177 Disposed(D) Disposed(DISP)8/1/2018 Refer to 15.17 Hearing THEFT AGGREGATE =>$30K<$150K 1CW (F) 8/1/2018
15648200101A-5Complete(C) PRUETT, NANCY AKA RICHEY, NANC 5/24/2018 | 177 Disposed(D) 10/25/2018 $10,000.00
156482001010-3Complete(C) PRUETT, NANCY 9/16/2017 | 6/27/2018 177 Disposed(D) Disposed(DISP)8/1/2018 FRAUD/USE/POSS ID INFO-LESS 5 ITEMS (F) 8/1/2018
133992201010-3Dismissed(D) PRUETT, NANCY 3/9/2012 | 3/9/2012 176 Disposed(D) Dismissed(DISM)7/17/2012 $75,000.00 THEFT F/ELDERLY 1,500 – 20,000 (F) 7/17/2012
181444401010-2Complete(C) RICHEY, NANCY 3/8/2012 | 10 Disposed(D) Disposed(DISP)3/8/2012 $15,000.00 WRIT OF HAB CORP (M) 3/8/2012
132900201010-3Complete(C) PRUETT, NANCY 12/2/2011 | 2/1/2012 176 Disposed(D) Disposed(DISP)7/17/2012 $25,000.00 THEFT >=$20,000 <$100,000 (F) 7/17/2012
179626001010-2Complete(C) RICHEY, NANCY 12/2/2011 | 2/1/2012 10 Disposed(D) Disposed(DISP)8/10/2012 $27,000.00 OUT OF STATE – FUGITIVE (M) 8/10/2012

“The Dentist Made Me Do It” — NY lawyer blames $63k embezzlement on son’s dental bills


A Lockport lawyer accused of stealing more than $63,000 from the proceeds of a real estate sale told an investigator that he spent the money on his 26-year-old son’s dental work.

“It went in my kid’s mouth,” Edward R. Thiel told Investigator William Thomson of the Niagara County District Attorney’s Office, according to court papers.

Thomson interviewed Thiel at Thiel’s apartment in May, more than two years after the sale.

“He has had serious dental issues for the last four years,” Thiel told Thomson. “It has cost me everything. I gave him the last of my money this morning to go to the dentist.”

Thiel, 73, a former Niagara County assistant public defender, pleaded not guilty to second-degree grand larceny at his arraignment Tuesday in Lockport City Court. If convicted, he faces up to 15 years in state prison.

The victims of the alleged theft are the four children of Donald K. Beutel of Wilson, a farmer and greenhouse owner who died in 2011.

He left his property at 4740 Chestnut Road in equal shares to his four grown children. They decided to sell the property to Eric W. Beutel, one of Donald’s grandchildren.

On Sept. 2, 2014, a closing for the deal was held at the Niagara County Clerk’s Office in Lockport. Thiel was Donald Beutel’s longtime personal attorney, according to William Beutel, the only one of the four siblings who lives in Niagara County.

William Beutel, in a sworn statement, said Eric Beutel brought a check for more than $7,000 to the closing, which was to be combined with mortgage money for a total of $63,684.54. Thiel took the checks and was supposed to deposit them in an escrow account.

“Mr. Thiel was to divide the proceeds from the sale by four and distribute this money to myself and my three siblings,” William Beutel said in his statement. “To this day, we have not received any money, not one cent. We made numerous attempts to resolve this matter by contacting Mr. Thiel. He never responded. In addition to that, he wouldn’t respond to us to close out the estate, either.”

William S. Beutel, who lives in Wilson, said he hasn’t talked to Thiel in at least two years.

“I don’t want to talk to him. I just want my money, and get out of my life,” Beutel said in an interview Thursday.

Niagara County Surrogate’s Court records show that County Judge Matthew J. Murphy III tried repeatedly to get Thiel to court to close out Donald Beutel’s estate, starting in 2014. At one point, the court sent Thiel a letter threatening to fine him $2,500 if he did not show up.

It took two years before Thiel filed the mandatory accounting of the estate’s assets in August 2016.

On Sept. 20, Lockport attorney Walter E. Moxham Jr. informed the court that he had taken over the estate file because Thiel was “no longer practicing law.”

The estate work was finished in 10 days, but the money from the siblings’ sale of the Chestnut Road property remains missing.

Thiel, during his May 8 meeting with Thomson of the District Attorney’s Office, acknowledged the sale proceeds were supposed to go to the children of Donald Beutel, according to the court file.

“When asked if they got the money, he said, ‘No,’ ” Thomson wrote.

When Thomson said the Beutels want their money, Thiel answered, “Well, we will have to get them their money from the attorneys’ fund,” according to court papers.

That appears to be a reference to the Lawyers’ Fund for Client Protection, maintained by the state to reimburse people who have lost money to dishonest lawyers. Thomson, according to the report, told Thiel that he would have to be arrested before that process could begin.

At the arraignment, City Judge Thomas M. DiMillo released Thiel on his own recognizance.

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Content retrieved from http://buffalonews.com/2017/06/23/lockport-attorney-charged-with-grand-larceny-said-money-paid-for-sons-dental-work/

Texas Bookkeeper Accused of Stealing Over $300,000 From Dentist

blank The Cameron County Sheriff’s Office is charging a 35-year-old San Benito man with stealing more than $300,000 from a Los Fresnos dentist office over a three-year period. Cameron County Sheriff Omar Lucio said investigators arrested Francisco Hernandez-Limon Wednesday on Rio Hondo School District property. According to the district’s website, Hernandez-Limon worked as a bookkeeper. The allegations, however, stem from when Hernandez-Limon worked at Los Fresnos Family Dentistry. In 2016, Lucio said that office’s owner contacted him to file a report about $48,000 that was missing from the books. Investigators would later discover a total of $308,000 that was missing and accuse Hernandez-Limon of stealing it through various methods. Lucio said Hernandez-Limon took cash from Los Fresnos Family Dentistry, forged checks, used the company credit card to charge personal items and gave himself unauthorized bonuses. Hernandez-Limon is scheduled to be arraigned at 2 p.m. Thursday on a charge of misapplication of fiduciary property. Lucio said the suspect, if convicted, could be sentenced to up to 99 years in prison, but not less than five years and also face a $10,000 fine.
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Content retrieved from http://www.brownsvilleherald.com/news/local/san-benito-man-accused-of-stealing-k-from-los-fresnos/article_b6820b52-336a-11e8-b557-e77dfd11f2c8.html

Dentist Accused of Arson to Collect Insurance Proceeds


RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CA — A Los Angeles-area dentist accused of conspiring to torch his Corona office to collect property insurance payouts is facing more than a dozen felony charges. Dr. Armen Shaant Megerdichian, 51, of Winnetka was arrested Monday and arraigned on 13 felony counts, including filing false insurance claims, concealing facts in the process of filing a claim and grand theft.

Megerdichian pleaded not guilty before Riverside County Superior Court Judge Emma Smith, who scheduled a felony settlement conference for July 11 at the Riverside Hall of Justice.

The doctor posted a $600,000 bond and was released from the Robert Presley Jail in Riverside on Monday afternoon.

Megerdichian’s alleged co-conspirator, Jonas Borsca Jr. of Riverside, was arrested and charged last month with filing a fraudulent insurance claim and knowingly preparing a false claim Borsca posted a $35,000 bond and was released from custody prior to his scheduled arraignment.

Another defendant, 57-year-old Cornel Lucaci of Corona, is charged separately with arson, burglary, filing false insurance claims, grand theft, forgery and identity theft.

Lucaci is being held in lieu of $2 million bail at the Smith Correctional Facility in Banning. He’s scheduled to make a pretrial appearance Wednesday at the Riverside Hall of Justice.

The defendants allegedly orchestrated an arson at the Parkridge Dental Spa on Parkridge Avenue in March 2014. The business not only offered dental services, but also therapeutic cosmetic treatments.

The total sum of insurance payments disbursed after the fire was unclear.

Corona Fire Department arson investigators turned up clues that the blaze had been intentionally set, but gathering and processing evidence to justify charges in the case took four years, authorities said.

According to the Dental Board of California, Megerdichian has an active license to practice dentistry. He has no documented prior felony convictions.

Borsca and Lucaci also have no documented priors in Riverside County.

Content Retrieved From: https://www.beckersdental.com/dentists/33835-california-dentist-accused-of-setting-fire-to-practice-to-collect-insurance-pay-out-now-faces-13-felony-charges.html

Washington Woman Pleads Guilty to Filing False Insurance Claims

blank Update July 31, 2018: Katherine Hargarten, 67, pleaded guilty in Island County Superior Court to first-degree theft and filing a false insurance claim, both felonies. Hargarten, a former dental clinic office manager, will serve three months of electronic home monitoring and 240 hours of community service. She will pay $817 in court fees and a restitution amount to be determined later. According to the investigation, Hargarten filed 55 claims with MetLife insurance from June 2008 to June 2015 totaling $17,908 on behalf of her husband. Most of the claims – 38 – were for treatment that never occurred; the remainder were treatments the dentist provided to employees for free. The dentist discovered the questionable claims and reported them to MetLife, which in turn reported them to Kreidler’s CIU, as required by state law. The dentist’s office terminated Hargarten’s employment in January 2016.
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Content retrieved from https://tacomaweekly.com/daily-mash-up/two-women-sentenced-after-attempting-insurance-fraud/
Original story: The former office manager for an Oak Harbor dentist is accused of stealing thousands of dollars by making false insurance claims, court documents say. Prosecutors charged Katherine D. Hargarten, 66, of Coupeville, in Island County Superior Court March 14 with theft in the first-degree and five counts of making false claim for a health care payment. The fraudulent insurance claims were discovered during a 2015 audit by the dentist who purchased the practice from another dentist. Hargarten worked for both men. Hargarten allegedly filed claims in her name and her husband’s name. The checks from the insurance company went directly to her husband, according to a report by a detective with the Washington State Office of the Insurance Commissioner. Hargarten is suspected of obtaining nearly $18,000 in fraudulent benefits from 55 fraudulent claims, the report states. If convicted of the charges against her, Hargarten could face from 14 to 18 months in prison under the standard sentencing range. Content retrieved from http://www.whidbeynewstimes.com/news/woman-66-accused-of-filing-bogus-dental-claims/

Former embezzler convicted of murdering dentist husband in 1981

“I was only guilty of “having an affair, partying, loose morals, but no matter what I did in the past, whether it was adultery, embezzlement … it does not make me guilty of taking my husband’s life.”
Virginia Larzelere in 1981
Norman Larzelere heard something — maybe a cough, a squeaky shoe or something scraping the wall — and peeked down the hallway. He saw a man with a ski mask and a shotgun. “No!” he screamed. Larzelere ran toward the front of the building of his Edgewater dental practice and into the lobby before slamming shut the wooden door. A shot was fired through the wood and buckshot pellets tore through his chest cavity. Crime Flashback: Virginia Larzelere His wife, Virginia, called 9-1-1. Witnesses heard Norman say, “Jason, is that you?” Virginia Larzelere didn’t want those words heard by anyone, according to the lead detective in the case. Jason was her 18-year-old son. Related content Crime Flashback: Virginia Larzelere “Virginia went over to the doctor and placed her (lips) over his nose and mouth and smothered him so that no one else would hear the name Jason,” said then-Edgewater police detective Dave Gamell while on the witness stand during a pretrial hearing in June 1991. A patient in the waiting room heard it and told the police. Norman Larzelere died in the helicopter en route to the hospital. News 27 years ago of the small-town shooting captivated a robust audience from the start, but as more details came to light, the more the national media consumed it. Mainstream news services put the stories in newspapers across the country, while outlets that thrived on sensationalism, particularly daytime talk shows, would thrust the Volusia County criminal case into people’s living rooms. Murder plot Dr. Norman Larzelere was less than three weeks from turning 40 years old when he was fatally shot on March 8, 1991 inside his own West Knapp Avenue dental practice. When detectives questioned Virginia Larzelere, they suspected she wasn’t telling the truth. Her description of the gunman kept changing. She insisted someone had come to rob the dental practice. Police called the crime an “amateurish act,” but one with only one desired outcome — the murder of Norman Larzelere. There was nothing inside the building that led detectives to think it was anything other than a planned hit. Eight weeks following the shooting, Virginia Larzelere was arrested. An arrest warrant also was filed for Jason, who turned himself in the following day. The break in the case had come May 2, 1991, when Gamell received a call from 18-year-old Steven Heidle, who told him he knew the location of the murder weapon. Heidle, who worked odd jobs for the Larzelere family, said he and a female acquaintance, Kristen Palmieri, a receptionist at the dental practice, were ordered by Virginia Larzelere to rub acid on the murder weapon, encase it in cement and get rid of it. Heidle and Palmieri drove 60 miles north to St. Johns County and dumped the evidence in Pellicer Creek. A dive team would recover it. Cement was found inside the family home, which matched the cement used to encase the weapon. Black widow tendencies The News-Journal discovered that Norman Larzelere filed for divorce in 1989. Her husband sought full custody of all the children — their two young ones as well as Larzelere’s two from a previous marriage. Norman Larzelere had adopted Jason and Jessica. In court filings, Larzelere described his wife as suicidal, drug-addicted and a thief. She also had operated under aliases, falsely claimed to have been a doctor or a financier or an heiress to a fortune. In spite of the accusations, Norman reconciled with his wife and dropped his petition in October 1990. Virginia Larzelere had a history of failed marriages. By the time she married Norman Larzelere at 32, she had already married and divorced three times. A native of Lake Wales, Virginia Larzelere grew up in a poor household where, she said, she was subjected to sexual and emotional abuse. She got married as a teenager. Her first husband was Harry Mathis and they lived in a mobile home park in Polk County. One day in 1975, Larzelere, who at the time went by the name Gail Mathis, told her husband that her cousin was stranded along a rural highway. His car had broken down and he needed help. Mathis drove to the location and found the car. A stranger appeared and shot Mathis four times, once in the head, once in the arm and twice in the back. Mathis survived. Polk County sheriff’s detectives wanted to question Larzelere, but she refused to cooperate. Detectives had always suspected Larzelere played a role in the shooting, but they were unable to move the case forward. By that time, Jason was born. Mathis ultimately decided not to press charges, telling the media later he didn’t want to split up the family. The pair stayed together for two more years. In 1982, Larzelere married a Florida Highway Patrol trooper. They got separated in November of that year. Larzelere accused him of pointing his gun at her, but he wound up being cleared of the allegations. The divorce was final in April 1983, more than two months after she had already married a former Volusia County building contractor. That marriage also imploded. It ended in an annulment in August 1983. Swinging, cheating and incest A couple years into her fourth marriage, Larzelere was accused of embezzling thousands of dollars from builders in Ormond Beach and Flagler County. She paid restitution and the case was dismissed. One of the biggest reasons for Norman Larzelere filing for divorce from his wife in 1989 — aside from her perceived lack of scruples when it came to stealing and lying — was her adulterous behavior. One of the ways Larzelere salvaged her rocky marriage was to introduce her husband to a swinging lifestyle. It meant both could enjoy sex with other partners without deception, according to reports. Her husband agreed to it. Larzelere still had affairs behind her husband’s back. One of her lovers was an exotic bird importer. She offered him $50,000 to kill her husband. He declined. She also offered $25,000 and a new motorcycle to another man she had been sleeping with. He, too, turned her down. There was one other sex partner Larzelere felt she could manipulate — her own son. Detectives said Jason didn’t refuse. One day in court, tears streamed down Larzelere’s cheeks as Gamell described her secret life of incest, infidelity and drug abuse. Larzelere told Gamell she slept in the same bed as her son. Her daughter, then-14-year-old Jessica, also told Gamell that her brother and mother were living together as husband and wife, according to court testimony. Jason had a homosexual fling with Heidle, who wound up becoming one of the state’s most critical witnesses. Heidle, who committed suicide in 1999, had told investigators that Jason would threaten him if he ever revealed his role in the killing. Gamell testified that Jason left a message on Heidle’s answering machine saying, “You know what the consequences are of screwing up.” Two trials, two outcomes Dorothy Sedgwick, a special prosecutor from Orange County, was lead counsel for the state. Virginia Larzelere and her son were represented by Jack Wilkins, of Bartow, and John Howes, of Fort Lauderdale. The judge in the case ordered them to be tried separately. The mother went first. During her opening statement, Sedgwick told jurors, ”(Virginia’s) very real, invigorating lust for money motivated her to use her son Jason as the gunman. Jason was a very willing participant, eager to earn his $200,000 for taking care of business.” Larzelere’s former lovers took the stand. All of them described her as abusive, manipulative and hell-bent on eliminating her husband. Larzelere sat coolly at the defense table, popping breath mints into her mouth. Wilkins admitted Larzelere had a spotty history and was unfaithful to her husband, but insisted she never conspired to kill her husband. The litany of lies Larzelere told in her life were described to jurors. They also learned that Norman Larzelere was insured for $2.1 million — which was set to be inherited by his wife. The motive couldn’t have been more obvious. On Feb. 24, 1992, jurors convicted Virginia Larzelere of first-degree murder. On March 5, they recommended a death sentence. Afterward, it seemed possible, even likely, that Jason would enter a guilty plea to avoid the same fate as his mother. Instead, he risked it all for an acquittal. He liked his chances better without Wilkins and Howes. “It has come to my knowledge that there are to (sic) many conflicts of interest for you to remain on my case,” he wrote to his attorneys. “As of this date 3-30-92 you are fired.” Jason was never specific about those conflicts of interest, but information came to light about Wilkins that showed the defendant had a working intuition. Wilkins had panache. He had big brown hair that looked permed and he always wore a pair of dark-tinted glasses in court. He looked like a movie character — similar to Sean Penn in “Carlito’s Way.” Like the fictional attorney, Wilkins had a drug problem. According to a 2013 story in the Miami New Times, Wilkins had installed a bar in his Bartow office and also enjoyed many dalliances that involved vodka, meth, cocaine or all three. The same article also disclosed that Wilkins showed up in the courtroom during the Larzelere’s trial smelling of liquor. He denied that claim. Wilkins later would be convicted of tax evasion, money laundering and other charges and would serve time in a federal prison. Larzelere’s appellate attorneys leaned on Wilkins’ suspected drug and alcohol abuse as a reason for a new trial. In the spring of 1992, Wesley Lasley took over Jason Larzelere’s case. The trial was moved from Daytona Beach to Palatka. Putnam County jurors would be paneled for Larzelere Part II. A fellow jail inmate of Virginia Larzelere’s, Bonnie Gilbert, claimed to have been her lover. She also claimed to have heard Jason say out loud that he killed his father. By then, it seemed no breaks were going the way of the defense. A woman who didn’t even pull the trigger was likely headed for death row and now more witnesses were coming forward to further implicate the suspected gunman, Jason. Spectators believed the state had even more evidence against Jason than his mother. Lasley forged ahead, calling Gilbert “a paid snitch.” He had a stockpile of ammunition to accuse Heidle and Palmieri in the killing. Lasley was hard on witnesses during cross-examination. That included Emma Lombardo, the dental office employee who was heard on the 9-1-1 call and who told authorities and others that she swore it was Jason behind the mask. Lasley poked holes in her testimony. How could she be sure the gunman was Jason when he was covered from head to toe? On Sept. 20, 1992, jurors acquitted Jason Larzelere. The courtroom was left in stunned silence. Jason turned and hugged his attorney. When he rode away from the courthouse in a deputy’s squad car, he yelled out, “I’m free! It’s the best feeling I’ve ever felt in my life.” On May 11, 1993, Virginia Larzelere was sentenced to die in the electric chair. She spent 15 years of her life on death row. For a time, she was one of four women on death row and three of them were from Volusia County — Aileen Wuornos, Deidre Hunt and Larzelere. Wuornos, one of the most infamous serial killers in America, wasn’t friendly to Larzelere, at least not initially. Gamell said the two got into a fight over a fellow inmate. Wuornos was crushing on the inmate while the inmate was crushing on Larzelere. The fight was stopped before anyone got seriously hurt, but Gamell said one of Larzelere’s breast implants got ruptured. Wuornos eventually was executed. Hunt had her sentenced reduced to life. Larzelere got hers reduced, too, in 2008. The Miami New Times reported in 2013 that Larzelere had not heard from her children in more than a decade. The locations of her oldest son and daughter were not known. Norman Larzelere’s parents gained custody of the youngest children. Larzelere, now 65, still maintains her innocence. She famously said that she was only guilty of “having an affair, partying, loose morals, but no matter what I did in the past, whether it was adultery, embezzlement … it does not make me guilty of taking my husband’s life.”
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Content retrieved from http://www.news-journalonline.com/news/20180312/tabloid-drama-hits-edgewater-1991s-murder-for-hire-of-dr-larzelere

Maryland’s Kristi Heffington indicted for seventeen offenses; pleads guilty to three. Unsuccessfully sues doctor.


Update April 16, 2020

There are indications that Ms. Heffington is working for, or involved in the ownership of a company providing outsourced dental claims submission and processing.  The full story is here — https://www.prosperident.com/s-o-s-dental-experts-added-to-our-watchlist/ . 

Update September 3, 2019:

Ms. Heffington was recently found to be in breach of her probation conditions.  Her sentence, which was originally 10 years, with all but 9 months suspended, was changed to 10 years, with all but 18 months suspended.  The additional 9 months that is not suspended is to be served in prison, not house arrest.

We understand that Ms. Heffington is appealing.

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Original story:

Former dental office employee Kristi Eunice Heffington has pled guilty to three offences relating to her work in a dental office.

According to court records, she was indicted for seventeen offences including Fraud, Forgery, Assuming the Identity of Another, Conspiring to Commit Insurance Fraud, two counts of Theft Scheme more than $10,000 but less than $100,000, and Fraud in Procuring Issuance of Credit Card.

In the end, Kristi pled guilty to three of the charges for which she was indicted; False/ Misleading Info Fraud (Maryland Code 27-407.1), Identity Fraud (Maryland Code 8-301), and Conspiracy to Commit Identity Fraud (Also 8-301).

For the remaining 14 offences that Kristi was charged with, the disposition was recorded as “nolle pros,”which normally means that the State of Maryland decided not to prosecute on these charges.

Kristi was sentenced to 10 years in prison, of which all but 9 months was suspended, with the 9 month sentence to be served at home with a monitoring system.  She was also ordered to pay restitution of $25,000 to Ron and Anne Moser of Crownsville MD.

Our research indicates that Ms. Heffington continues to work in the dental field.  She may be using the name Kristi Tracey.

In an interesting twist, Kristi and her husband, Matthew Heffington, commenced a lawsuit against the Mosers (presumably the same people who Kristi was ordered to pay restitution in the criminal trial) for defamation and other torts.

Court  reporting of the proceedings states that the Heffingtons “alleged that Dr. Moser and Anne then “conspired to develop a scheme to disparage [Kristi’s] reputation, and to cause injury to her financial, mental, psychological, emotional, and personal well-being, as well as interfere with her own standing as an employee in the dental community.” In furtherance of that conspiracy, the Mosers falsely reported to the police that Kristi had stolen over $3,000 from the Practice; filed a false insurance claim asserting that Kristi had stolen over $100,000 from the Practice; filed a civil action in the District Court of Maryland for Anne Arundel County falsely alleging that Kristi had wrongfully refused to repay a $5,000 loan from Dr. Moser; and called [Matthew’s employer] , and made false allegations about Kristi and false allegations that Matthew had participated in Kristi’s
alleged theft scheme.”

A delay in Kristi’s criminal trial caused the Heffingtons to seek to delay the civil proceedings, on the basis that Kristi’s testimony in her lawsuit against the Mosers might compromise her position in the criminal trial, where she intended to assert her Fifth Amendment rights. Her request to postpone the civil trial was initially denied, but was granted on appeal.  The appeal was then overturned again by the Maryland Court of Appeal, meaning that her lawsuit was unsuccessful

This case has received a bit of attention from legal scholars because of the interplay between the civil and criminal proceedings with respect to preserving Kristi’s right not to self-incriminate in a criminal matter while still allowing her to seek civil recourse against the Mosers n civil court.

The reporting of the appeal makes for interesting reading and is available below.